Introduction to AI

Artificial intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI), the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings.

The term intelligence refers to the human ability to solve, ability to recognize, cognition, etc

The term artificial refers to a machine or a non-human.

And together they mean the ability of a machine to do tasks that usually only humans are capable to do.

Evolution of AI

1923 - Robot term was coined

1943 - Neural Networks idea was formed but not much work was done on it due to lack of resources; the boom in deep learning happened in 2010-2015

1945 - Robotics (Big term and involves various domains like mechanical, electronics, electrical and computer science)

1950 - Alan Turing - Turing machine (watch movie The Intimation Game)

1956 - Artificial Intelligence term was coined by John McCarthy in his research (LISP Program)

and so on...

Advantages of AI

  • High accuracy with fewer errors compared to humans

  • High speed (eg. chess game, in a chess game the machine will be able to compute the next step after looking through future steps much faster than a human)

  • Highly reliable - a machine will give the same result and will not get influenced by any external factors, unlike humans who are affected by a lot of factors like concentration, etc.

  • Useful for risky areas - areas like military, marine exploration, space exploration, etc.

  • Digital assistants, recommendation systems, etc - ease of life and entertainment

  • Public utility - authentication (face recognition), automation (self-driving cars, automated banks), etc

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